null Dominic Chalut, MD
asthma • toxicology • quality assurance • trauma • pediatric emergency medicine
My research focuses on asthma and the development of critical indicators that could be used in an emergency department. I developed an asthma score, called the PRAM (Preschool Respiratory Assessment Measure). In the past, the severity of an asthma exacerbation was subjectively assessed as being mild, moderate or severe. The PRAM score now allows having a better objective assessment of an asthma exacerbation. This score has been validated against the measurement of airway resistance. This more objective assessment of an asthma exacerbation will then allow the treating physician to tailor the treatment based on the severity of the asthma.
Chalut D, Ducharme F, Davis G. The Preschool Respiratory Assessment Measure (PRAM) : A responsive index of acute asthma severity. J of Peds 2000; 137: 762-8 PMID: 11113831.
Quach C, Moore D, Chalut D. Do pediatric emergency departments pose a risk of infection? BMC Pediatrics 2011, 11:2.
Ducharme F, Zemek R, Chalut D, McGillivray D, Noya F, Resendes S, Khomenko L, Rouleau R, Zhang X. Written action plan in pediatric emergency room improves asthma prescribing, adherence and control. Am Jour Resp Crit Care Med, 2011 Jan 15; 183 (2); 195-203 PMID: 20802165.
Faras H, Kotehca S, Chalut D, McGillivray D, Dubé S, Ducharme FM. D-dimer measurement not predictive of serious bacterial infection in febrile children aged 1 to 36 months old. Can J Emerg Medicine 2009.
Hung GR, Chalut D. A consensus-established set of important indicators of pediatric emergency department performance. Pediatric Emergency Care 2008; 24(1): 9-15 PMID: 18165798.