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angle-left Frederick Kingdom, PhD

Senior Scientist, RI-MUHC , Montreal General Hospital

Brain Repair and Integrative Neuroscience (BRaIN) Program

Centre for Translational Biology

Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University



visual perception • colour vision • transparency • visual illusions • image processing • psychophysics

Research Focus

My research focuses on understanding the mechanisms of human visual perception, with a concentration on how the visual system integrates information about simple features, such as edges and contour fragments, into whole contours, textures and surfaces. This endeavour involves research into colour, texture, brightness, lightness, transparency, stereopsis ("3D" vision), binocular vision and visual illusions. I primarily use psychophysical, i.e. behavioural methods, combined with image processing and image analysis.

Selected Publications

Click on Pubmed to see my current publications list

  • Kingdom, F. A. A. (2011). Lightness, Brightness and Transparency: A quarter century of new ideas, captivating demonstrations and unrelenting controversy. Vision Research, 51, 652-673.

  • Kingdom, F. A. A. (2012). Binocular vision: The eyes add and subtract. Current Biology, 22(1), R22-24.

  • Dakin, S. C., Tibber, M, Greenwood, J. A., Kingdom, F. A. A. & Morgan, M. J. (2011). A common perceptual metric for human discrimination of number and density. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(49), 19552-19557.

  • Shevell, S. K. & Kingdom, F. A. A. (2008). Color in complex scenes. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 143-166

  • Gheorghiu, E., Bell, J. & Kingdom, F. A. A. (2013) Line Orientation Adaptation: Local or Global? PLoS ONE 8(8): e73307. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073307