null Lily Hechtman, MD, FRCPC

Senior Scientist, RI-MUHC

Child Health and Human Development Program

Centre for Outcomes Research and Evaluation

Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University



Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Research Focus

My research focuses on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Today, effective medication treatments relieve many symptoms of ADHD. Yet medication alone does not resolve the social, academic and emotional challenges of children, adolescents, and adults with ADHD. I have been involved in a joint study with the Université de Montréal to help children with ADHD who fall between the cracks in the transition from elementary to high school. The program involves parental training, and organizational/study-skills training for the children. A cognitive-behaviour therapy program that focuses on these areas for adolescents and adults with ADHD has also been developed. In terms of functional outcomes, two large-scale studies in which I participated clearly showed the benefit of combining medication with psychosocial treatment for children with ADHD, as opposed to either treatment alone. However, these benefits do not last without ongoing treatment and follow-up. Another of my current studies aims to determine the optimal follow-up needed to maintain treatment gains.

Selected Publications

  • Hechtman, L. T. (2017). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Adult outcome and its predictors. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Greenhill, L., & Hechtman, L. in press (Fall 2017). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In B. J. Sadock, V. A. Sadock & P. Ruiz (Eds.). Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry (Vol. 2, 10th ed.), Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

  • Hechtman, L., Swanson, J. M., Sibley, M., Stehli, A., Owens, E. B., Mitchell, J. T., Arnold, L. E., Molina, B. S. G., Hinshaw, S. P., Jensen, P. S., Abikoff, H., Algorta, G. P., Howard, A., Hoza, B., Etcovitch, J., Houssais, S., Lakes, K. D., Nichols, J. Q. (2016). Functional adult outcomes 16 years after childhood diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: MTA results. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55 (11), 945–952. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.07.774

  • *Cherkasova, M. V., French, L. R., Syer, C., Cousins, L., Galina, H., Ahmadi-Kashani, Y., Hechtman, L. (2016). Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy with and without Medication for Adults with ADHD: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Attention Disorders. doi: 10.1177/1087054716671197

  • *Klil-Drori, S., & Hechtman, L. (2016). Potential Social and Neurocognitive Benefits of Aerobic Exercise as Adjunct Treatment for Patients with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, published online before print June 10, 2016. doi: 10.1177/1087054716652617