null Michael Kramer, MD

Honorary Investigator, RI-MUHC, 5252 de Maisonneuve site

Child Health and Human Development Program

Centre for Outcomes Research and Evaluation

Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, McGill University



breastfeeding • maternal and child health • pediatric epidemiology • perinatal epidemiology • preterm birth

Research Focus

My research focuses on the continued follow-up of Belarusian children from the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT), on the effects of increasing induction and cesarean delivery on birth weight, gestational age, and maternal/fetal/infant morbidity and mortality, on the new epidemiologic and statistical methods for analysis of fetal growth, timing of birth, and fetal/infant mortality, and on international comparisons of preterm birth and fetal/infant mortality.

Selected Publications

Click on Pubmed to see my current publications list

  • Kramer MS. Determinants of low birth weight: methodological assessment and meta-analysis. Bull World Health Organ. 1987;65(5):663-737. PMID: 3322602.

  • Kramer MS, Chalmers B, Hodnett ED, Sevkovskaya Z, Dzikovich I, Shapiro S, Collet JP, Vanilovich I, Mezen I, Ducruet T, Shishko G, Zubovich V, Mknuik D, Gluchanina E, Dombrovskiy V, Ustinovitch A, Kot T, Bogdanovich N, Ovchinikova L, Helsing E; PROBIT Study Group (Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial). Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus. JAMA. 2001 Jan 24-31;285(4):413-20. PMID: 11242425.

  • Kramer MS, Aboud F, Mironova E, Vanilovich I, Platt RW, Matush L, Igumnov S, Fombonne E, Bogdanovich N, Ducruet T, Collet JP, Chalmers B, Hodnett E, Davidovsky S, Skugarevsky O, Trofimovich O, Kozlova L, Shapiro S; Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT) Study Group. Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 May;65(5):578-84. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.65.5.578. PMID: 18458209.

  • Kramer MS, Rouleau J, Baskett TF, Joseph KS; Maternal Health Study Group of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Amniotic-fluid embolism and medical induction of labour: a retrospective, population-based cohort study. Lancet. 2006 Oct 21;368(9545):1444-8. PMID: 17055946.

  • Kramer MS, Moodie EE, Dahhou M, Platt RW. Breastfeeding and infant size: evidence of reverse causality. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 May 1;173(9):978-83. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwq495. Epub 2011 Mar 23. PMID: 21430194.